A real treasure chest, Unesco's world heritage
The Cilento is one of the most beautiful territories in Campania, in the province of Salerno, and includes numerous tourist localities. A great part of Cilento is included in the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano, with the archeological sites of Paestum, Velia and the Certosa di Padula, established to protect its rich natural patrimony (including the primerose of Palinuro, symbol of the park). Together with Vallo di Diano and the western Lucania, the Cilento was recognized as Unesco's world heritage.
The territory of Cilento is mainly hilly and covered in olive trees, chestnut and holm-oak woods that overlook the Tyrrhenian sea, and crossed by torrents. The municipalities of Cilento are divided in three different areas: Alto Cilento, the original nucleus with Agropoli, Castellabate, Cicerale, Laureana Cilento, Lustra, Montecorice, Ogliastro Cilento, Prignano Cilento, Perdifumo, Rutino, Serramezzana, Sessa Cilento e Torchiara; Cilento Centrale with Ascea, Cannalonga, Casal Velino, Castelnuovo Cilento, Ceraso, Gioi Cilento, Moio della Civitella, Novi Velia, Omignano, Orria, Perito, Pollica, Salento, San Mauro Cilento, Stella Cilento e Vallo della Lucania; Basso Cilento with Alfano, Camerota, Casaletto Spartano, Caselle in Pittari, Celle di Bulgheria, Centola, Cuccaro Vetere, Futani, Ispani, Laurito, Montano Antilia, Morigerati, Pisciotta, Roccagloriosa, Rofrano, San Giovanni a Piro, San Mauro La Bruca, Santa Marina, Sapri, Torraca, Torre Orsaia, Tortorella e Vibonati.
The Cilento has inspired poets and singers for a millennium; many greek and roman myths took place on its coasts. The most famous myth, described by Omero in the Odyssey, is the one about the mermaids that drove the sailors crazy with their singing and lived on the island in front of Punta Licosa.