History, art and culture worth discovering
Sicily is the biggest island of the italian territory, divided from the continent by the Stretto di Messina. It is a real national gem. Nature is everywhere and expresses all its strength and magnificence with the mountains, hills, volcanic islands and especially with the sea that, with its enchanting bottoms and crystal-clear waters, is the reason why tourists from all over the world choose Sicily as their summer destination.
The Ionian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea and Mediterranean Sea wet the coasts of Sicily, offering landcapes with magnificent colours like the Eolie islands (Lipari, Vulcano, Stromboli, Salina, Filicudi, Alicudi and Panarea) charaterized by deep-blue waters, grottos along the coasts, small crystal-water beaches. Egadi, Pelagie, Pantellaria and Ustica complete this unique picture together with the two active volcanos, Etna and Stromboli. Etna's eruptions created spectacular landscapes.
History, culture and tradition emerge from many sicilian cities: the ancient hamlets of Taormina, the peculiar Isola Bella, the big cities such as Palermo, Catania, Caltanissetta, Enna, Messina, Ragusa, Siracusa, Trapani and Agrigento. Sicily hosts five sites that were acknowledged as UNESCO's world heritage: the archeological site of Agrigento, one of the main centres of the Mediterranean area, where doric temples represent the strongest testimony of the greek civilization in Sicily; Villa Romana del Casale, important for the extraordinary mosaics preserved inside the villa; Eolie islands, off the northern coast of Sicily; the late-baroque cities of Val di Noto (Caltalgirone, Militello di Catania, Catania, Modica, Noto, Palazzolo, Ragusa and Scicli); Siracusa and the rocky necropolis of Pantalica, with testimonies of the greek and roman civilizations; Mount Etna, for its geological, scientific and cultural value; the arab/normann circuit with nine civil and religious monuments.